All about Sibor and Sor rates

What is SIBOR?

Singapore Interbank Offered Rate is the reference rate based on interest rates which banks offer to lend unsecured funds to other banks in Singapore wholesale money market.

What is SOR?

Singapore Swap Offer Rate is an FX-implied rate and is calculated from a formula that includes USD/SGD forward rate and USD/SGD spot rate.

Why are these rates important?

Most banks in Singapore offer mortgage packages that are pegged to either SIBOR or SOR rates. It affects your monthly repayment amount.

Trend

Recent trends reflects that SOR (except 1-mth) has been considerably lower than SIBOR since 2008. In fact, SOR fell to a negative value in 2011. Despite that, do note that historically, SOR spent more time above SIBOR than below it.

Volatility

It is generally considered that SIBOR is more stable, while SOR is more volatile. This is due to the fact that SIBOR is based on rates in which financial institutions lend to other financial institutions, while SOR is based on USD interest and exchange rates

Movement

Although SIBOR and SOR rates are affected by different factors, they ultimately move in the same general direction together. Whatever the micro or macro economy situation is, if SIBOR were to go up, SOR will move up too.